I think that EAA are maybe a bit “bioavailability” than regular protein so gram for gram you may get more from it but I don’t think taking 10g EAA is gonna be anything like taking in 20g from Whey or eggs as far a what you get from it
EAAs digest literally about 1-minute faster than hydrolyzed whey. PLUS they are missing di- and tri- peptides that increase the digestion rate of whey, plus other factors that increase protein utilization.
It's not like you are going to utilize all your ingested protein anyway, some of it is going to be metabolized into energy.
acute whey PRO ingestion (15 g), under resting conditions and in elderly men and women, resulted in greater muscle protein balance than consumption of its constituent EAAs (6.72 g) or non-essential amino acids (7.57 g). This result may suggest that something other than EAAs within whey are important for muscle hypertrophy. For example, it is possible that via the PEPT-1 cotransporters' high capacity, low specificity rate of transport, and an apparent increased transport affinity for L-valine bound peptides, that the bound form of an EAA may be more efficiently utilized than when delivered in its free-form. Similarly, new discoveries continue to surface regarding bioactive peptides present within dairy, and specifically in whey that may facilitate improved recovery and antioxidative capacity to support physiological adaptations to exercise.
'x grams EAAs is equivalent (in terms of EAA content) to y grams of (Whey/Beef/whatever) protein'
The former statement is clearly wrong and the latter correct. Another thing to note though is that equivalence in terms of EAA content does not imply that both things are the same. They are only the same in this one particular characteristic. Other things like amounts of calories, effectiveness for inducing mucle protein synthesis, effect on collagen sythesis, mineral content etc., are not the same. That's why the idea of 'eqivalence in terms of EAA content' is of limited usefulness and does not imply what many people think it does.