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Study: Skipping Breakfast Tied To Higher Risk Of Heart-Related Death

danieltx

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https://www.msn.com/en-us/health/medical/skipping-breakfast-tied-to-higher-risk-of-heart-related-death-study-finds/ar-BBWbq50

Whether you eat breakfast might be linked with your risk of dying early from cardiovascular disease, according to a new study.

Skipping breakfast was significantly associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular-related death, especially stroke-related death, in the study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology on Monday.

After a person's age, sex, race, socioeconomic status, diet, lifestyle, body mass index and disease status were taken into account, the study found that those who never had breakfast had a 87% higher risk of cardiovascular mortality compared with people who had breakfast every day, said Dr. Wei Bao, an assistant professor of epidemiology at the University of Iowa in Iowa City and senior author of the study.

"Breakfast is traditionally believed as the most or at least one of the most important meals of the day, but there are not much data available to say 'yes' or 'no' to this belief. Our paper is among the ones that provide evidence to support long-term benefits," Bao said.

"There are a few cardiovascular risk factors -- for example diabetes, hypertension and lipid disorders," he said. "Our findings are in line with and supported by previous studies that consistently showed that skipping breakfast is related to those strong risk factors for cardiovascular death."

Cardiovascular disease -- specifically heart disease and stroke -- is the leading cause of death in the world, accounting for a combined 15.2 million deaths in 2016, according to the World Health Organization. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States.

Skipping breakfast and cardiovascular death
The study involved data from 1988 to 1994 on 6,550 U.S. adults, ages 40 to 75, who reported how often they ate breakfast in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

The survey data generally let respondents define what meal would be considered breakfast.

Separate data were analyzed to determine the adults' health status through 2011. All told, 2,318 deaths occurred during an average follow-up period of 18.8 years, including 619 from cardiovascular disease.

The researchers took a close look at how often each person consumed breakfast and at mortality, specifically whether a death was related to cardiovascular health.

Of those adults, 5.1% reported never consuming breakfast; 10.9% rarely ate breakfast; 25% had breakfast on some days; and 59% had breakfast every day.

Compared with those who consumed breakfast every day, adults who never did so had a higher risk of heart disease-related death and stroke-related death, according to the study.

Those associations were found to be significant and independent of socioeconomic status, body mass index and cardiovascular risk factors, the researchers noted.

"To the best of our knowledge, this is the first prospective analysis of skipping breakfast and risk of cardiovascular mortality," they wrote.

The study had some limitations, including that the data did not include information about what types of foods or drinks were consumed for breakfast and whether a person's breakfast consumption patterns changed between 1994 and when the follow-up mortality data were collected.

Most important, the study found only an association between skipping breakfast and risk of early death, not that skipping breakfast specifically causes any such outcomes. More research is needed to determine whether missing the meal actually could shorten life expectancy and why such an association exists.

The complexities of skipping breakfast

In general, the study noted that skipping breakfast has been associated with increased risk of obesity, elevated cholesterol or fats in the blood, high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome and heart disease.

A study published in the journal Circulation in 2013 found that breakfast was associated with a significantly lower risk of coronary heart disease in men.

The new study "was fairly well done," said Krista Varady, associate professor of nutrition at the University of Illinois, Chicago, who was not involved in the research.

"However, the major issue is that the subjects who regularly skipped breakfast also had the most unhealthy lifestyle habits," she said. "Specifically, these people were former smokers, heavy drinkers, physically inactive, and also had poor diet quality and low family income."

All of those factors put people at a much higher risk for cardiovascular disease. "I realize that the study attempted to control for these confounders, but I think it's hard to tease apart breakfast skipping from their unhealthy lifestyle in general," Varady said.


Some people might skip breakfast as part of an intermittent fasting routine, but the breakfast skipping in the study and breakfast skipping during intermittent fasting are two different concepts and practices, said Valter Longo, a professor of biological sciences at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles and director of the USC Longevity Institute, who was not involved in the new research

Intermittent fasting occurs when you cycle between long periods of not eating and then regular eating, helping restrict your calorie intake.

Some studies, several involving animals, suggest that intermittent fasting can reduce the risk of obesity and its related diseases, such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, diabetes and cancer.

To connect the study's findings to intermittent fasting, Longo warns, "be careful."

"There are very good ways to do intermittent fasting and potentially very bad ways to do intermittent fasting," Longo said.

"But certainly, that's an interesting thing to keep in mind, that A: Maybe it's better to stick with 12 hours or 13 hours of fasting and that's it," he said. "Or B: If you need to do 16 hours, try to consider skipping dinner and not breakfast or lunch."
 

Flex500

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I think with this study it's just important people read past the headline. My dad (who is now deceased) would be a person this study focused on.

1. never ate breakfast just coffee with cigarettes
2. lunch was a mountain dew with peanuts
3. smoked a pack a day
4. owned a funeral home and worked 6 days a week...12 hours a day, VERY high stress
5. Dinner junk food on his hour commute home and a gorge fest when he got home.
6. High blood pressure untreated for 40 years
7. Cardiac arrest at 59 (which he survived after a week in a coma) and died of cancer last october


That is probably a fairly typical profile of people skipping breakfast they are just in a rush and just gorge on food later like fast food and have many othe unhealthy habits.

I don't eat breakfast...I do....

1. 45 minutes of cardio daily
2. control my high bp
3. eat 10-25 servings of fruits and veggies a day
4. constantly evaluate bloods and health
5. desperately try to control stress

I'm glad you highlighted that part at the bottom the study really needs to be taken with a grain of salt yet I do understand most people skipping breakfast probably are more like my dad but it's really about overall lifestyle.
 

lif22

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These epidemiology studies are useless. Much like the eating eggs leads to heart disease recent study.
 
D

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Quote from the study.... "However, the major issue is that the subjects who regularly skipped breakfast also had the most unhealthy lifestyle habits," she said. "Specifically, these people were former smokers, heavy drinkers, physically inactive, and also had poor diet quality and low family income."


That sums it up. But researches pick just ONE thing like skipping breakfast ans say, yea, that`s the cause.
 

NEMSZ

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Quote from the study.... "However, the major issue is that the subjects who regularly skipped breakfast also had the most unhealthy lifestyle habits," she said. "Specifically, these people were former smokers, heavy drinkers, physically inactive, and also had poor diet quality and low family income."


That sums it up. But researches pick just ONE thing like skipping breakfast ans say, yea, that`s the cause.
Yet another study done to waste people’s time...

It amazes me sometimes that the people conducting and publishing these things are doctors/scientists....
 

LK3

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Quote from the study.... "However, the major issue is that the subjects who regularly skipped breakfast also had the most unhealthy lifestyle habits," she said. "Specifically, these people were former smokers, heavy drinkers, physically inactive, and also had poor diet quality and low family income."


That sums it up. But researches pick just ONE thing like skipping breakfast ans say, yea, that`s the cause.
thats because it supports there firends that sell you eggo waffles and breakfast cerial!

thanks to the food pyramid we all know how to eat!
and helpful studies like this that are based in real science and dont have an adgenda in any way... lol
 

gungalunga

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Some people skip breakfast because they ate a large pizza and hot wings for dinner, and a half gallon of ice cream before bed. Then they wake up, have a couple strong cups of coffee, grab their chest, and then have a heart attack.
 

nothuman

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This study was picked apart, shamed, and humiliated by every smart name on twitter. Calorie surplus/deficit is what matters. End of story.
 

NEMSZ

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This study was picked apart, shamed, and humiliated by every smart name on twitter. Calorie surplus/deficit is what matters. End of story.
But what about Intermittent fasting :eek: lol
 

Beti ona

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These studies are such a joke.
What is not a joke is the tons of money that funds this shit study. Science is great, but it must be used ethically.
 

nothuman

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What is not a joke is the tons of money that funds this shit study. Science is great, but it must be used ethically.
For reals. Tired of these dumb studies. Show me some new GW501516 or stem cell studies or something.
 

Bio

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"The study had some limitations, including that the data did not include information about what types of foods or drinks were consumed for breakfast and whether a person's breakfast consumption patterns changed between 1994 and when the follow-up mortality data were collected.

Most important, the study found only an association between skipping breakfast and risk of early death, not that skipping breakfast specifically causes any such outcomes. More research is needed to determine whether missing the meal actually could shorten life expectancy and why such an association exists."

So it does but it doesn't but it might? Movin' on...
 

maldorf

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"The study had some limitations, including that the data did not include information about what types of foods or drinks were consumed for breakfast and whether a person's breakfast consumption patterns changed between 1994 and when the follow-up mortality data were collected.

Most important, the study found only an association between skipping breakfast and risk of early death, not that skipping breakfast specifically causes any such outcomes. More research is needed to determine whether missing the meal actually could shorten life expectancy and why such an association exists."

So it does but it doesn't but it might? Movin' on...
A good study would be run on an animal model. Take a group of rats and feed some "breakfast" each day, or 3 "square meals a day". The other group would only get 2 meals a day and not have the first one until about noon. A true controlled experiment where all the other variables in life are the same. I don't see why that wouldn't be a decent study.
 

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